Lower Back Pain Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment


Lower back pain is one of the most common medical problems in the world. On average 80% of adults suffer from this pain at some point of lives. Age factor and bad posture are common reasons for lower back pain. You will be unable to tell lower back agony, particularly as you age and your back loses some strength and flexibility. It is quite important to keep a check if you have lower back pain more often. There could be many possible health reasons due to which you are having it.

Doctors always emphasize the importance of yearly checkups. Staying fit may sound easy, but sometimes ignorance of small pain can lead to serious illness in the long run. The lower part of the back is known as the lumbar region of the spine. Depending on the fitness level and health condition your body responds accordingly. High weight lifting or sitting in the wrong posture can affect the lumbar region. The lumbar region also includes ligaments, tendons, and muscles. Ligaments are strong bands that hold the vertebrae and discs together. Like other body pains, lower back pain can be typed as acute, sub-acute, and chronic. At the point when your back is truly murdering you, you may stress something is truly off base. Back agony for the most part settles all alone except if you have a significant basic issue. Let’s check out the most common causes of lower back pain.

Sprains and Strains

Ligament strains and muscle strain is the most common reason for lower back pain. It happens. When you often overdo work or do not rest properly.


Your bones lose mass quicker than it tends to be supplanted, making them weak. They can even break with practically no notice. These breaks are particularly regular in the spine, where they’re called vertebral pressure cracks. The two people lose bone mass as they age, yet postmenopausal ladies lose it a lot quicker as being more in danger of osteoporosis.


The torment that outcomes from a squeezed or aggravated sciatic nerve. This nerve runs down your lower back through your hips and hindquarters and down every leg. Sciatica is how laypeople allude to torment those movements down the leg from the lower back, although your primary care physician may utilize the term lumbar radiculopathy.

Spinal Stenosis

A narrowing of within spaces of your spine, frequently from a herniated plate yet here and there from bone prods brought about by spinal osteoarthritis. This can bring about agonizing tension on your spinal nerves. Spinal stenosis can happen in both the upper (cervical) spine and the lumbar spine, however lumbar spinal stenosis is more normal.


There are over 100 kinds of joint inflammation, a large number of which can cause lower back torment. The most well-known sorts incorporate osteoarthritis (the most well-known by a long shot; in the back, it’s known as spondylosis), rheumatoid joint pain, and ankylosing spondylitis.

Symptoms which can appear with Back Pain You Shouldn’t ignore

Now and again, back torment isn’t simply back agony. Different manifestations can show up alongside it, and some can be worrisome. While torment emanating in the legs is a genuinely basic side effect that goes with back agony, others should make you aware of calling your PCP. They include:

  • Bowel o Bladder Issue
  • Fever
  • A recent Injury
  • Sudden and unexplained weight loss
  • Weakness or Numbness

These would all be able to demonstrate health-related crises. In any event, summon your PCP right, yet be set up to make a beeline for the ER.

Diagnosis of Lower Back Pain

Your doctor has a wide scope of medicines that may assist your lower with support torment. When all is said in done, anticipate that your primary care physician should adopt a ventured care strategy. That implies beginning with basic, easy medicines and moving to more forceful methodologies later. Remember that numerous medicines set aside an effort to arrive at their full impact.

Physical Therapy (PT) 

Physical Therapy is the very initial step in lower back pain diagnosis. Unless the doctor doubts or recommended any test for further process, patients generally get PT. It involves exercise, Massage, and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) to help the patient build core muscles and strength. Moreover, these physical therapies are done to improve spinal flexibility and correct posture.

Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP)

PRP treatment is a treatment done by collecting your blood sample that has concentrated about of blood building blocks known as a platelet. This treatment is done for the damaged disc. The mechanism is that PRP infusions utilize your healing system to quicken the improvement of harmed ligaments, tendons, muscles, and joints.

Stem Cells

In this process, doctors take stem cells from your hips and inject them into the intervertebral disc or discs. Doing so may decrease torment and the degenerative impacts of maturing, however, like PRP, more exploration is required before undeveloped cells for lower back agony could at last turn into the norm of care.

Chiropractic Care

For acute to sub-acute lower back pain, people see a Chiropractor. They specialize in spinal manipulation. Search for one that utilizations proof-based procedures. You should visit Snellville Chiropractors for back pain for the treatment or routine checkup.

For serious conditions, doctors might recommend surgery. There are spinal surgeries through which surgeons treat severe pain cases or any medical condition. Common Spine surgeries include spinal fusion, Laminectomy, laminotomy microdiscectomy.


There are heap medical issues that can prompt back agony. Dr. Knight calls attention to that other than these particular conditions, there are overall factors also.

He goes, “The main medical conditions and behaviors associated with back pain are obesity and smoking. The impact of excessive weight and its effect on spinal anatomy is significant. Smoking and the adverse impact on the vascular system macro and micro is associated with increased severity and frequency of back pain.”

Smoking impedes the conveyance of supplements to structures in the back, and can likewise make mending from back wounds or medical procedure more troublesome and less powerful. Different components that can become possibly the most important factor incorporate wellness level, hereditary qualities, mental factors, and professional decisions.